By signing the Washington Agreement, Kosovo committed itself to joining the “Mini Schengen” project, which is an important moment for its further implementation. After the fall of the 31-year-old regime of Milo Djoukanović (DPS), Montenegro is also expected to join the “Mini Schengen” initiative. Djoukanović`s opposition to the creation of “Mini Schengen” testifies to the fact that territories or states that, for various reasons, are weak or criminal/corrupt do not promote economic prosperity, because economic ties mark the beginning of the rule of law. The collapse of the economy and corruption in Kosovo, as well as Đukanović`s criminal mafia state, Montenegro, provide the same or other similar examples. Milo Djoukanović has a “double mortgage” because of his involvement not only in crime and corruption, but also in war crimes, which is why any activity aimed at developing ties is attacked by his regime. Bosnia and Herzegovina is also expected to join the “Mini Schengen” project, failing which some political leaders in Bosnia and Herzegovina could face US sanctions, just like those the US has already imposed on a member of the Bosnia and Herzegovina presidency, Milorad Dodik (SNSD). Serbia and Kosovo are expected to immediately suspend all arrest warrants for related war crimes. Serbia is also expected to suspend all arrest warrants it has issued under its universal jurisdiction over war crimes committed in Bosnia and Herzegovina. As part of the agreements, Serbia and Kosovo agreed to join the Schengen mini-zone. [11] The agreements also contain provisions according to which Serbia and Kosovo label Hezbollah as a terrorist organization and support the decriminalization of homosexuality worldwide. [11] On September 4, 2020, Serbia and Kosovo signed separate “economic normalization” agreements with the United States in Washington.

The agreements have no influence on the existing dialogue between Belgrade official and Priština and negotiated by the European Union. The conflict between the former enemies is centered on Serbia`s refusal to recognize Kosovo`s independence, which it unilaterally declared in 2008. Most Western nations – including the United States – have recognized Kosovo. Russia and China are not. Vucic and Hotis Washington`s comments on this show that there is a difficult path to go. M. Hoti said he sees the economic deal as a step towards recognition. “We see this as a big step towards a definitive solution that is mutual recognition. I have publicly stated that this is for us a great achievement in reaching an agreement with Serbia,” he told VOA. The EU has demonstrated all its anomalies and impotence in its mediation in the official dialogue between Belgrade and Priština. Although the Brussels Agreement was already signed in 2013, its main aspects have not yet been implemented. .

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